Romans 10:9 “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.”
This verse does not mean a simple acknowledgment that He is God and the Lord of the universe, since even demons acknowledge that to be true.
This is the deep personal conviction, without reservation, that Jesus is that person’s own master or sovereign. This phrase includes repenting from sin, trusting in Jesus for salvation and submitting to Him as Lord.
This is the volitional element of faith.
Believeth: To trust, rely on, or have faith in. When used of salvation, this word usually occurs in the present tense “is believing” which stresses that faith is not simply a one-time event, but an ongoing condition. True saving faith is supernatural, a gracious gift of God that He produces in the heart and is the only means by which a person can appropriate true righteousness.
Saving faith consists of 3 elements.
- Mental: the mind understands the gospel and the truth about Christ
- Emotional: one embraces the truthfulness of those facts with sorrow over sin and joy over God’s mercy and grace
- Volitional: the sinner submits his will to Christ and trust in Him alone as the only hope of salvation.
Genuine faith always produces authentic obedience.
“God hath raised Him from the dead”: Christ’s resurrection was the supreme validation of His ministry. Belief in it is necessary for salvation because it proved that Christ is who He claimed to be and that the Father had accepted His sacrifice in the place of sinners. Without the resurrection, there is no salvation.
This leaves absolutely no doubt at all what we must do to be saved.
Romans 10:10 “For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.”
“Confession is made unto salvation”: One is not saved by his mouth’s conversation, (meaning many, who by their head knowledge say they are saved, but really are not), but rather, the mouth testifies readily of the grace of God in Christ which has been received by faith (for those who have been truly saved and their words are coming from their heart).
Confession is the Greek word which basically means to say the same thing, or to agree with someone. The person who confesses Jesus as Lord, agrees with the Father’s declaration that Jesus is Savior and Lord.
Matthew 16:18 “And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.”
“Upon this rock”: The word for “Peter”, “Petros, means a small stone (John 1:42). Jesus used a play on words here with petra which means a foundation boulder (7:24-25).
Since the New Testament makes it abundantly clear that Christ is both the foundation (Acts 4:11-12; 1 Cor. 3:11), and the head (Eph. 5:23), of the church, it is a mistake to think that here He is giving either of those roles to Peter. There is a sense in which the apostles played a foundational role in the building of the church (Eph. 2:20), but the role of primacy is reserved for Christ alone, not assigned to Peter.
So Jesus’ words here are best interpreted as a simple play on words in that a boulder-like truth came from the mouth of one who was called a small stone. Peter himself explains the imagery in his first epistle. The church is built of “living stones” (1 Peter 2:5), who, like Peter, confess that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Christ Himself is the “corner stone” (1 Pet. 2:6-7).
The word “church” is a translation of ekklesia, meaning “called out” or “assembly.” In the New Testament, it usually refers to a local group of Christians.
In this sense a church is an assembly of baptized believers under the discipline of the Word of God. They are organized to carry out the Great Commission, the administration of New Testament ordinances, and the exercise of spiritual gifts.
When a group of Christians today follows this example, it is a church in the biblical sense of the word. In the New Testament, Christians assembled as churches for fellowship, instruction, and worship and to carry out the Great Commission.
Perhaps the best-known New Testament churches were at Jerusalem, Antioch, Thessalonica, Philippi, Corinth, Ephesus, and the other six cities mentioned (in Revelation 2 and 3).
Every Christian should follow the example of New Testament believers by identifying with a local church, and getting involved in its ministry.
In this, Jesus was telling Peter that His church would be built on the foundational rock of truth, which had just issued from Peter’s mouth. All the blessed (believers in the Lord Jesus Christ), have this truth from the Father.
Jesus promises that the gates of hell shall not prevail against the church. The phrase “shall not prevail”, should be understood as meaning “shall not stand against.” The imagery would then picture the church as being on the offensive against the gates of hell.
While Jesus’ resurrection certainly will overcome the sting of death, it will also enable His church to aggressively and offensively attack the gates of hell (usage as Satan’s kingdom in Job 38:17; Isa. 38:10; Psalm 107:18); by snatching out victims from darkness into His glorious kingdom of light. The church is on the offensive here and hell is on the defensive.
Verses 19-20: The Lord promises to Peter and the other apostles “the keys of the kingdom.” This means that Peter will have the right to enter the kingdom himself, and preaching the gospel would be the means of opening the kingdom of heaven.
The Book of Acts shows us this process at work. By his sermon on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:14-40), Peter opened the door of the kingdom for the first time. The expressions “bind” and “loose” were common in Jewish legal phraseology, meaning to declare forbidden or to declare allowed.
Peter and the other disciples (see 18:18), were to continue on earth the work of Christ in preaching the gospel and declaring God’s will to men, and were armed with the same authority He Himself possessed.
Thomas was deeply committed to his master, yet he struggled with many doubts and questions. On the day He rose from the dead Jesus appeared to a group of disciples in a room. For some unknown reason, Thomas was not there (John 20:19-24). The disciples later told Thomas and Thomas told them that he would not believe unless he seen and put his fingers in the holes the nails made and put his hand into His side he would not believe (John 20:25). That’s how Thomas got his nickname and it has stayed with him throughout history.
Thomas told the other disciples that he needed proof before he could believe Jesus had risen from the dead, he was being honest. Faith does not prohibit investigation. Eight days later the disciples met together again and this time Thomas was there. Jesus asked Thomas to touch His wounds (John 20:27). Jesus knew what Thomas needed to believe. From there He guided Thomas back to faith.
In Matthew 5:43-44, Jesus says ” Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbor and hate thine enemy. v.44 ” But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you.” The Lord was saying (“In former days it was okay to hate your enemy (Psalm 79); Psalm 74), Godly Jews prayed for the death of their enemies). But now I (Jesus) want you to love your enemy. Do not pray for them to die instead bless them. The change came because the Lord came to bless men with God’s salvation! On the cross, Jesus said ” Father forgive them for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots, (Luke 23:34). In grace and love, Jesus did pray for their salvation. In Acts 7:60 Stephen was being stoned by his enemies yet he prayed for them asking the Lord not to charge them for their sin. Stephen, like Jesus, was filled with love for his enemies.
The Last supper was Jesus’ last meal Jesus had with his disciples before he was betrayed and arrested (Matthew 26:17-30; Mark 14:12-28; Luke 22:7-39) and it did take place during Passover. Jesus prepared for Passover on the first day of Unleavened Bread when they sacrificed the Passover Lamb (Mark 14:12).
Matthew was an eyewitness (Matthew 14:22) and one of Jesus’ disciples (Matthew 9:9:Mark 2:14:Luke 5:27-28). Mark was an associate of Paul and a disciple of Peter. Mark probably received the information from Peter. John was also a disciple of Jesus so he would have witnessed firsthand Jesus walking on water.
We have three different re-tellings from three different perspectives. These three testimonies give us information about Jesus and Peter walking on water. They provide varied details, much commonality, they do not contradict each other. God inspired these three accounts to be written by men with different vantage points and knowledge of specific information that sometimes varies.
Matthew, Mark, and Luke tell of the birth, life, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus, but they stress more what Jesus did than who He is. In John, the entire book is showing that Jesus was, is, and always will be deity. It shows that God took on the form of flesh and dwelt among us.
The identity of the two men talking with Jesus was discovered as they talked with the Lord. The gospel of Luke is the only witness to what the two men were talking about with Jesus (Luke 9:28-36) the departure of Jesus. The central term “decease” (NKJV) or “departure” (ESV) is the Greek word “exodos”. This means that the conversation between Moses (who led the people of Israel in an exodus from Egypt) and Elijah (who departed in his exodus from life in a fiery chariot) talked with Jesus about His coming “exodus” in His death on the cross and resurrection from the dead. This is how Peter most likely recognized that it was Moses and Elijah talking with Jesus.
Without conviction, there would be no salvation. Nobody can be saved apart from the Spirits convicting, regenerating work in one’s heart. The Bible tells us that all people are rebellious toward God and hostile toward Jesus. They are “dead in trespasses and sins” (Ephesians 2:1). Jesus said, ” No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent me draws him” (John 6:44). Part of that “draw” to Jesus is the conviction of sin.
To be convicted one must loath (dislike) sin. Sin cannot dwell in the same place as God (Psalm 5:4). God is beauty, pure, and Holy. Isaiah stood in the presence of God and he was immediately overwhelmed by his own sinfulness (Isaiah 6:5).
One must dread sin. We also become convicted when we become mindful of how much our sin dishonors God. We are also convicted when we become aware of the wrath it exposes our souls to *Romans 1:18; Romans 2:5).
f you are mostly unchanged in behavior and attitude since your conversion, you may need to reassess your sincerity concerning your faith. The same thing is true if you never feel guilty about anything you do.
Jesus is the Son of God. He lived a sin-free life on this earth and died as a final atonement for the sins of mankind.
Jesus was a human being. He confined Himself into the human body. He experienced pain and emotion. He foreknew what would happen at the cross and all the events leading up to that day. He knew that he would be whipped, and ridiculed. He knew that a crown of thorns would be placed upon His head. He knew that the Roman soldiers would remove His clothes and put on Him a robe and a reed in His hand. He knew He would be mocked in this way. He knew He would be beaten yet again. He knew that He would be nailed to the cross. He knew that his mother Mary, and some of His friends would be there and could do nothing for Him.
Nobody would look forward to being crucified, but The Son of God was not afraid of death because He knew death had no hold on Him. Jesus died on the cross to save mankind from their sins (John 3:16).